中国历代度制演变简表

  度量衡传统上是计量长度、体积、轻重的标准的统称。度是计量长短,量是计量对某物质的容量,衡是计量轻重。现代对度量衡的广泛定义为任何表示物理量(如温度、时间)的公制单位。在香港,虽然政府曾大力推广十进制,但1担=100司马斤、1斤(和清朝官府库平制不太一样,司马斤相等于 604.79克,库平制1斤相等于 596.82克)=16两、1两=10钱、1钱=10分”等换算仍被广泛用于粮食和贵金属买卖中至今。

时代
度制 统一换算(厘米)
1尺 = 10寸,1寸 = 10分 1尺 = 15.8, 1寸 = 1.58
战国
1丈 = 10尺, 1尺 = 10寸,1寸 = 10分 1丈 = 231,1尺 = 23.1,1寸 =2.31
1分 = 0.231
1引 = 10丈, 1丈 = 10尺,
1尺 = 10寸, 1寸 = 10分
1引 = 2310, 1丈 = 231
1尺 = 23.1, 1寸 = 2.31
1分 = 0.231
1引 = 10丈, 1丈 = 10尺,
1尺 = 10寸, 1寸 = 10分
1引 = 2310, 1丈 = 231
1尺 = 23.1, 1寸 = 2.31
1分 = 0.231
三国
1丈 = 10尺, 1尺 = 10寸,1寸 = 10分 1丈 = 242, 1尺 = 24.2
1寸 = 2.42, 1分 = 0.242
西晋
1丈 = 10尺, 1尺 = 10寸, 1寸 = 10分 1丈 = 242, 1尺 = 24.2
1寸 = 2.42, 1分 = 0.242
东晋及十六国
1丈 = 10尺, 1尺 = 10寸, 1寸 = 10分 1丈 = 245, 1尺 = 24.5
1寸 = 2.45, 1分 = 0.245
南北朝
1丈 = 10尺, 1尺 = 10寸, 1寸 = 10分 1丈 = 245, 1尺 = 24.5
1寸 = 2.45, 1分 = 0.245
1丈 = 296, 1尺 = 29.6
1寸 = 2.96, 1分 = 0.296
1丈 = 10尺, 1尺 = 10寸,1寸 = 10分 1丈 = 296, 1尺 = 29.6
1寸 = 2.96, 1分 = 0.296
1丈 = 10尺, 1尺 = 10寸, 1寸 = 10分 小尺:
1丈 = 300, 1尺 = 30
1寸 = 3, 1分 = 0.3
大尺:
1丈 = 360, 1尺 = 36
1寸 = 3.6, 1分 = 0.36
宋元
1丈 = 10尺, 1尺 = 10寸,1寸 = 10分 1丈 = 312, 1尺 = 31.2
1寸 = 3.12, 1分 = 0.312
1丈 = 10尺, 1尺 = 10寸, 1寸 = 10分 裁衣尺:
1尺 = 34, 1寸 = 3.4
量地尺:
1尺 = 32.7, 1寸 = 3.27
营造尺:
1尺 = 32, 1寸 = 3.2
1丈 = 10尺, 1尺 = 10寸, 1寸 = 10分 裁衣尺:
1丈 = 355, 1尺 = 35.5, 1寸 = 3.55
量地尺:
1丈 = 345, 1尺 = 34.5, 1寸 = 3.45
营造尺:
1丈 = 320, 1尺 = 32, 1寸 = 3.2

中国历代量制演变简表

时代
量制 统一换算(毫升)
战国
齐:
1钟 = 10釜, 1釜 = 4区
1区 = 4豆, 1豆 = 4升
秦:
1斛 = 10斗, 1斗 = 10升
楚:
1筲 =5升
三晋:
1斛 = 10斗, 1斗 = 10升
 
1斛 = 10斗, 1斗 = 10升 1斛 = 20000, 1斗 = 2000, 1升 = 200
1斛 = 10斗, 1斗 = 10升, 1升 = 10合
1合 = 2龠, 1龠 = 5撮, 1撮 = 4圭
1斛 =20000, 1斗 = 2000, 1升 = 200
1合 = 20, 1龠 = 10, 1撮 = 2, 1圭 = 0.5
三国两晋
1斛 = 10斗, 1斗 = 10升, 1升 = 10合 1斛 =20450, 1斗 = 2045, 1升 = 204.5
1合 = 20.45
南北朝
1斛 = 10斗, 1斗 = 10升, 1升 = 10合 1斛 =30000, 1斗 = 3000, 1升 = 300
1合 = 30
1斛 = 10斗, 1斗 = 10升, 1升 = 10合 开皇:
1斛 = 60000, 1斗 =6000, 1升 =600
1合 = 60
大业:
1斛 =20000, 1斗 =2000, 1升 =200
1合 = 20
1斛 = 10斗, 1斗 = 10升, 1升 = 10合 大:
1斛 = 60000, 1斗 =6000, 1升 =600
1合 = 60
小:
1斛 =20000, 1斗 =2000, 1升 =200
1合 = 20
1石 = 2斛,1斛 = 5斗, 1斗 = 10升 1升 = 10合 1石 = 67000,1斛 =33500, 1斗 = 6700,
1升 = 670,1合 = 67
1石 = 2斛,1斛 = 5斗, 1斗 = 10升 1升 = 10合 1石 = 95000,1斛 = 47500, 1斗 = 9500,
1升 = 950,1合 = 95
1石 = 2斛,1斛 = 5斗, 1斗 = 10升 1升 = 10合 1石 = 100000,1斛 = 50000, 1斗 =10000,
1升 = 1000,1合 = 100
1石 = 2斛,1斛 = 5斗, 1斗 = 10升 1升 = 10合 1石 = 100000,1斛 = 50000, 1斗 =10000,
1升 = 1000,1合 = 100

中国历代衡制演变简表

时代
衡制 统一换算(克)
战国
楚:
1斤 = 16两, 1两 = 24铢
赵:
1石 = 120斤, 1斤 = 16两, 1两 = 24铢
魏:
1镒 = 10釿, 1釿 = 20两
秦:
1石 = 4钧, 1钧 = 30斤
1斤 = 16两, 1两 = 24铢
1斤 = 250, 一两 = 15.6
1铢 = 0.65
1石 = 30000, 1斤 = 250
1两 = 15.6, 1铢 = 0.65
1镒 = 315
1釿 = 31.5
1石 = 30360, 1钧 = 7590
1斤 = 253, 1两 = 15.8
1铢 = 0.69
1石 = 4钧, 1钧 = 30斤
1斤 = 16两, 1两 = 24铢
1石 = 30360, 1钧 = 7590
1斤 = 253, 1两 = 15.8
1铢 = 0.69
1石 = 4钧, 1钧 = 30斤
1斤 = 16两, 1两 = 24铢
1石 = 4钧, 1钧 = 30斤
1斤 = 16两, 1两 = 24铢
1石 =29760, 1钧 = 7440
1斤 =248, 1两 = 15.5, 1铢 = 0.65
1石 = 26400, 1钧 = 6600
1斤 = 220, 1两 = 13.8, 1铢 = 0.57
三国
1石 = 4钧, 1钧 = 30斤
1斤 = 16两, 1两 = 24铢
1石 = 26400, 1钧 = 6600
1斤 = 220, 1两 = 13.8, 1铢 = 0.57
两晋
1石 = 4钧, 1钧 = 30斤
1斤 = 16两, 1两 = 24铢
1石 = 26400, 1钧 = 6600
1斤 = 220, 1两 = 13.8, 1铢 = 0.57
南北朝
1石 = 4钧, 1钧 = 30斤
1斤 = 16两, 1两 = 24铢
梁、陈:1斤 = 220, 南齐:1斤 = 330,
北魏、北齐:1斤 = 440,北周:1斤 = 660
 
1石 = 4钧, 1钧 = 30斤
1斤 = 16两, 1两 = 24铢
大:
1石 = 79320, 1钧 = 19830,
1斤 = 661, 1两 = 41.3
小:
1石 = 26400, 1钧 = 6600,
1斤 = 220, 1两 = 13.8
 
1石 = 4钧, 1钧 = 30斤
1斤 = 16两, 1两 = 24铢
 
1石 = 79320, 1斤 = 661
1两 = 41.3, 1钱 = 4.13
1分 = 0.41
1石 = 120斤, 1斤 = 16两
1两 = 10钱, 1钱 = 10分
1石 = 75960, 1斤 = 633, 1两 = 40
1钱 = 4, 1分 = 0.4
1石 = 120斤, 1斤 = 16两
1两 = 10钱, 1钱 = 10分
1石 = 75960, 1斤 = 633, 1两 = 40
1钱 = 4, 1分 = 0.4
1石 = 120斤, 1斤 = 16两
1两 = 10钱, 1钱 = 10分
1石 = 70800, 1斤 = 590, 1两 = 36.9,
1钱 = 3.69, 1分 = 0.37
1石 = 120斤, 1斤 = 16两
1两 = 10钱, 1钱 = 10分
1石 = 70800, 1斤 = 590, 1两 = 36.9,
1钱 = 3.69, 1分 = 0.37

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